Glimpses of Arabic Literature - (English) - (PB)
"This work entitled 'Glimpses of Arabic Literature' is a modest attempt to present the history of Arabic literature with a modern and scientific approach. This book presents a nutshell of Arabic literature including Indo-Arab literature and discusses its diverse literary branches in an objective manner and lucid style. It consists of seven chapters viz,. Pre-Islamic period, Islamic period, al Quran and al-Hadith, Umayyad period,'Abbasid period, Modern period and Indo-Arab literature.
This book is a product of Islamic Book Service Pvt Ltd, which focuses on publishing Islamic Books under the light of Quran and Hadeeth (Hadees)."
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In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful As the outset, I thank Allah who enabled me to give birth this small work on history of Arabic literature. Without His help...
In recent times, Arabic has emerged as one of the richest languages of the world and is spoken by a large group of masses in the four corners of the world. In the middle ages, it was the lingua franca of a vast Islamic empire and its universal language of learning. Significantly enough that it has left much influence over the langlages of Europe, specially in chemical and astronomical terms. Similarly, in linguistic field, it is to be noted that may Indlan languages had developed under the tutelage of Arabic. The teaching of Arabic language is essential from various points of view like socio-religious, Job opportunities as well as Indo-Arab relationship. The history of Arabic studies in India dates back to the pre-Islamic period. India has been one of the most famous non-Arab States where Arabic language grew, developed and flourished on a large scale. The soil of India has given birth to a good number of poets, writers, Islamic thinkers, commentators of the Quran etc., whose noble works can be compared to any work of any great Arab scholar. At present, Arabic is taught in numerous schools, madrasahs, colleges and universities apart from some special training centers throughout the country particularly with a view to preparing students for availing the growing job opportunity in the Arab world.
""From the beloved pre-Islamic odes, to the contemporary novel, literature written in Arabic spans centuries, continents and historical periods. Although Arabic literature began during the pre-Islamic period, Islam has had a profound influence on its development. The Qur'an itself is a literary tourde force, and down to the present day Islamic texts forming part of die centuries-long textual tradition of the Arabo-Islamic world continue to play an important role in the development of contemporary literature. With the award of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1988 to the Egyptian Najib Mahfllz, Arabic literature became poised to play a larger role on the world literary scene.""
This work entitled 'Glimpses of Arabic Literature' is my modest attempt to present the history of Arabic literature with a modern and scientific approach. To my knowledge, there has been no work in English or Arabic from the pen of an Indian author that covers in a single volume the most important literary figures, works, genres, key terms and issues in the Arabic literary tradition. This book presents a nutshell of Arabic literature including Indo-Arab literature and discusses its diverse literary branches in an objective manner and lucid style. It consists of seven chapters viz., Pre-Islamic period, Islamic period, al-Qur'an & al-Hadith, Umayyad period, 'Abbasid period, Modem period and Indo-Arab literature. In all the chapters, I have endeavoured to provide genuine information on the major and the most important facts and figures of Arabic literary heritage by consulting various authentic arid reliable sources and materials including encyclopedic works and Internet. Because of the enormous output of Arabic literature and the limited size of this book, it was imperative to be rigorously selective over authors and works to be discussed have exerted my earnest efforts to express the themes in a very simple and clear expression so that the readers can easily understand.
This book is designed to meet the needs of the students as well as the common readers who are interested in gaining knowledge regarding Arabic literature through a systematic way I believe that this book in hand will be of great help for the students of Arabic literature, particularly, in preparing for various competitive exams like NET, SLET, TET, SSC, UPSC and so on.
The questions which are commonly asked in different final and eligibility test exams have been included and the answers are provided in a short but precise description employing easy and beautiful construction. It is, however, to be mentioned here that in preparing some answers, have merely edited the original writings of different authors. Of course, reference has been properly given in all the cases. By going through this work, if any reader feels himself benefited to any extent, I shall regard that my labour has been amply rewarded. At the same time, I do admit frankly and humbly that since to err is human there may be some undesirable mistakes in this book. I shall be highly grateful to my gentle readers for pointing out such error and inadequacy so that they may be corrected in the next edition.
I would like to take this opportunity to express my deep and sincere gratitude to my teacher Dr. Ashfaq Ahmad who has been the chief guiding light in preparing this book. He provided me some important materials and valuable advice at various stages of the operation. Furthermore, he managed time for final proofreading by postponing all his important works, and was land enough to write a valuable foreword.
My thanks are also due for our teacher and Dean, SKC School of English & Foreign Language Studies, Assam University, Prof. A.M Bhuiya for his wise counsel and gentle correction.
I will be falling in my duty if I do not extend my hearty and sincere thanks to my teachers Prof. Abdul Razak T, Prof. R. K. Mazumder, Prof. Ramendu Bhattacharjee, Prof. Swapna Devi, Dr. Atowar Rah ran, Dr. Abdul Majeed, Dr. Abdul Quddas and Dr. Mostafizur Rah ran, for their encouraging and fruitful comments and suggestions which have resulted in a more coherent structure to the course.
I am especially grateful to my parents Md. Shaukat Ali and Sakinah Khatfrn, my sisters Hafizah Umm Kultham, Hafizah Mariam Tahurah, and my cousins Dr. Mustafa Muhammad al-Aman, Dr. Rahimah Nasirah and Dr. 'A'ishah Siddiqah, who have always been the source of inspiration and encouragement for me in pursuit of my dreams. Finally, I thank the proprietor of Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, for taking all the necessary measures to publish this book within a short span of time.
""And my success (in my task) can only come from Allah.
In Him I trust and unto Him I turn."" (Al-Qur'51n. 11 : 88)
September 18, 2012