Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa (Her Life and Works) - (English) - (PB)
"It is a book that has to be read by every Muslim woman because it depicts the lifestyle of one of the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) most beloved wives, a role model after which any Muslim woman can mould her own behavior and conduct their lives accordingly.
This book is a product of Islamic Book Service Pvt Ltd, which focuses on publishing Islamic Books under the light of Quran and Hadeeth (Hadees)."
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Many books written in Urdu, during the renaissance of this language have brought to light the achievements of the great men of Islam but the contribution by the eminent muslim ladies have yet to see the light of the day. The life history of Hadhrat Ayesha is the first attempt to focus attention on their achievements.
While men are primarily responsible for the decadence that has set in the history of Islam, part of the responsibility also lies on the shoulders of women. If superstitions, undue veneration of tombs, pagan customs, extravagance on the occasions of marriages and deaths and the like are still prevalent in Our homes, it is largely due to the withering of the real spirit of Islam in the hearts of our women. One reason for this may be that the portrait of an ideal Muslim woman is as yet unknown to them.
We are now presenting before them a portrait of the favorite life partner of the Great Prophet (peace be upon him) for nine years and who served the cause of Islam as a beacon light for more than forty years thereafter.
In this biography of Hadhrat Ayesha, a Muslim woman will find all the vicissitudes of life relating to adversity and affliction, marriage: departure to and stay with husband, co-wives, childlessness, widowhood, poverty house-hold chores, rivalry and jealously to act as an ideal pattern 9 of living for her own conduct. At the same time one will find this great life filled with the highest literary, practical, and ethical values. It will serve as a mirror to reflect to all Muslim women the true picture of a true story. This life sketch is not only worth study because it portrays the totality of the events in the life of a wife of the Holy Prophet but also because it sheds much light in half the life of the greatest man.
Biographies are generally based on historical records and chronicles. But the record of the period to which the biography relates is mostly preserved in the books of Traditions. That record pertains mostly to the practical life of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), his wives and the leading Companions. Our source material is, therefore, confined to these books. At places material has been collected from such history books as Tabaqat ibn Sa'd, Tazkira Zahbi, Tahzeeb ibn Hajar, Fatuhul Bari, Qustalani, An-Nawawi and others. The well-known historical works have not been touched. Details of the Battle of Camel are not mentioned in the books of Traditions. They are to be found in Tabari.
So far as the books of Traditions are concerned, I have relied mostly on Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sun fan Abu Daud and Mus rad of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal. The sayings of Hadhrat Ayesha are found in detail in the sixth volume of the Mus rad. There are, in addition, two rare books- Mustadrak by Hakim and short treatise by Seoti entitled 'Ainul saba' in which are collected those Hadith in which Hadhrat Ayesha has corrected the mistakes of her contemporaries.
Those who have studied the Traditions know that in these books, particularly Sahih Bukhari, the events and descriptions are so widely dispersed that it is no easy task to collect and compile them in a single work. It should be remembered that the same Hadith finds mention in many books of Traditions or in different chapters of the same book and if references have been given from one book, it does not mean that they are not mentioned in other books or in other chapters. Sometimes references from different books have been given for the same event.
In the end I wish to gratefully acknowledge the help and inspiration given by Her Highness of Bhopal, whom l had the pleasure to meet on November 29, 1914 at Bhopal, during the completion and publication of this book.